Statistical Functions


Average | Averageif | Median | Mode | Standard Deviation | Min | Max | Large | Small

This chapter gives an overview of some very useful statistical functions in Excel.


To calculate the average of a range of cells, use the AVERAGE function.

Average Function


To average cells based on one criteria, use the AVERAGEIF function. For example, to calculate the average excluding zeros.

Averageif Function

Note: <> means not equal to. The AVERAGEIF function is similar to the SUMIF function.


To find the median (or middle number), use the MEDIAN function.

Median Function


Median Check


To find the most frequently occurring number, use the MODE function.

Mode Function

Standard Deviation

To calculate the standard deviation, use the STEDV function.

Stdev Function

Note: standard deviation is a number that tells you how far numbers are from their mean. Learn more about this topic on our page about standard deviation.


To find the minimum value, use the MIN function.

Min Function


To find the maximum value, use the MAX function.

Max Function


To find the third largest number, use the following LARGE function.

Large Function


Large Check


To find the second smallest number, use the following SMALL function.

Small Function


Small Check

Tip: Excel can generate most of these results with the click of a button. Our Descriptive Statistics example shows you how.