# Count Unique Values

This example shows you how to create an array formula that **counts unique values**.

1. We use the COUNTIF function. For example, to count the number of 5's, use the following function.

2. To count the unique values (don't be overwhelmed), we add the SUM function, 1/, and replace 5 with A1:A6.

3. Finish by pressing CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER.

Note: The formula bar indicates that this is an array formula by enclosing it in curly braces {}. Do not type these yourself. They will disappear when you edit the formula.

Explanation: The range (array constant) created by the COUNTIF function is stored in **Excel's** memory, not in a range. The array constant looks as follows:

{3;1;1;1;3;3} - (three 7's, one sun, one moon, one 5, three 7's, three 7's)

This reduces to:

{1/3;1/1;1/1;1/1;1/3;1/3}

This array constant is used as an argument for the SUM function, giving a result of 1/3+1+1+1+1/3+1/3 = 4.