Superscript and Subscript


It's easy to format a character as superscript (slightly above the baseline) or subscript (slightly below the baseline) in Excel.

1. For example, double click cell A1.

Double Click Cell

2. Select the value 2.

Select Character

3. Right click, and then click Format Cells (or press Ctrl + 1).

Format Cells

The 'Format Cells' dialog box appears.

4. On the Font tab, under Effects, click Superscript.

Click Superscript

5. Click OK.


Superscript in Excel

6. Needless to say, a superscript effect cannot return a result. To square a number, use a formula like this:

Square a Number

Note: to insert a caret ^ symbol, press SHIFT + 6.

7. To format a character as subscript (slightly below the baseline), repeat steps 1-5 but at step 4 click Subscript.


Subscript in Excel

8. Did you know that you can also insert equations in Excel? On the Insert tab, in the Symbols group, click Equation.

Insert Equation

Note: equations in Excel are floating objects and do not return results.