Userform

 

Add the Controls   |   Show the Userform   |   Assign the Macros   |   Test the Userform

This chapter teaches you how to create an Excel VBA Userform. The Userform we are going to create looks as follows:

Excel VBA Userform

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Add the Controls

To add the controls to the Userform, execute the following steps.

1. Open the Visual Basic Editor. If the Project Explorer is not visible, click View, Project Explorer.

2. Click Insert, Userform. If the Toolbox does not appear automatically, click View, Toolbox. Your screen should be set up as below.

Userform Screen Setup in Excel VBA

3. Add the controls listed in the table below. Once this has been completed, the result should be consistent with the picture of the Userform shown earlier. For example, create a text box control by clicking on TextBox from the Toolbox. Next, you can drag a text box on the Userform. When you arrive at the Car frame, remember to draw this frame first before you place the two option buttons in it.

4. Change the names and captions of the controls according to the table below. Names are used in the Excel VBA code. Captions are those that appear on your screen. It is good practice to change the names of controls. This will make your code easier to read. To change the names and captions of the controls, click View, Properties Window and click on each control.

Control Name Caption
Userform DinnerPlannerUserForm Dinner Planner
Text Box NameTextBox  
Text Box PhoneTextBox  
List Box CityListBox  
Combo Box DinnerComboBox  
Check Box DateCheckBox1 June 13th
Check Box DateCheckBox2 June 20th
Check Box DateCheckBox3 June 27th
Frame CarFrame Car
Option Button CarOptionButton1 Yes
Option Button CarOptionButton2 No
Text Box MoneyTextBox  
Spin Button MoneySpinButton  
Command Button OKButton OK
Command Button ClearButton Clear
Command Button CancelButton Cancel
7 Labels No need to change Name:, Phone Number:, etc.

Note: a combo box is a drop-down list from where a user can select an item or fill in his/her own choice. Only one of the option buttons can be selected.

Show the Userform

To show the Userform, place a command button on your worksheet and add the following code line:

Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()

DinnerPlannerUserForm.Show

End Sub

We are now going to create the Sub UserForm_Initialize. When you use the Show method for the Userform, this sub will automatically be executed.

1. Open the Visual Basic Editor.

2. In the Project Explorer, right click on DinnerPlannerUserForm and then click View Code.

3. Choose Userform from the left drop-down list. Choose Initialize from the right drop-down list.

4. Add the following code lines:

Private Sub UserForm_Initialize()

'Empty NameTextBox
NameTextBox.Value = ""

'Empty PhoneTextBox
PhoneTextBox.Value = ""

'Empty CityListBox
CityListBox.Clear

'Fill CityListBox
With CityListBox
    .AddItem "San Francisco"
    .AddItem "Oakland"
    .AddItem "Richmond"
End With

'Empty DinnerComboBox
DinnerComboBox.Clear

'Fill DinnerComboBox
With DinnerComboBox
    .AddItem "Italian"
    .AddItem "Chinese"
    .AddItem "Frites and Meat"
End With

'Uncheck DataCheckBoxes

DateCheckBox1.Value = False
DateCheckBox2.Value = False
DateCheckBox3.Value = False

'Set no car as default
CarOptionButton2.Value = True

'Empty MoneyTextBox
MoneyTextBox.Value = ""

'Set Focus on NameTextBox
NameTextBox.SetFocus

End Sub

Explanation: text boxes are emptied, list boxes and combo boxes are filled, check boxes are unchecked, etc.

Assign the Macros

We have now created the first part of the Userform. Although it looks neat already, nothing will happen yet when we click the command buttons on the Userform.

1. Open the Visual Basic Editor.

2. In the Project Explorer, double click on DinnerPlannerUserForm.

3. Double click on the Money spin button.

4. Add the following code line:

Private Sub MoneySpinButton_Change()

MoneyTextBox.Text = MoneySpinButton.Value

End Sub

Explanation: this code line updates the text box when you use the spin button.

5. Double click on the OK button.

6. Add the following code lines:

Private Sub OKButton_Click()

Dim emptyRow As Long

'Make Sheet1 active
Sheet1.Activate

'Determine emptyRow
emptyRow = WorksheetFunction.CountA(Range("A:A")) + 1

'Transfer information
Cells(emptyRow, 1).Value = NameTextBox.Value
Cells(emptyRow, 2).Value = PhoneTextBox.Value
Cells(emptyRow, 3).Value = CityListBox.Value
Cells(emptyRow, 4).Value = DinnerComboBox.Value

If DateCheckBox1.Value = True Then Cells(emptyRow, 5).Value = DateCheckBox1.Caption

If DateCheckBox2.Value = True Then Cells(emptyRow, 5).Value = Cells(emptyRow, 5).Value & " " & DateCheckBox2.Caption

If DateCheckBox3.Value = True Then Cells(emptyRow, 5).Value = Cells(emptyRow, 5).Value & " " & DateCheckBox3.Caption

If CarOptionButton1.Value = True Then
    Cells(emptyRow, 6).Value = "Yes"
Else
    Cells(emptyRow, 6).Value = "No"
End If

Cells(emptyRow, 7).Value = MoneyTextBox.Value

End Sub

Explanation: first, we activate Sheet1. Next, we determine emptyRow. The variable emptyRow is the first empty row and increases every time a record is added. Finally, we transfer the information from the Userform to the specific columns of emptyRow.

7. Double click on the Clear button.

8. Add the following code line:

Private Sub ClearButton_Click()

Call UserForm_Initialize

End Sub

Explanation: this code line calls the Sub UserForm_Initialize when you click on the Clear button.

9. Double click on the Cancel Button.

10. Add the following code line:

Private Sub CancelButton_Click()

Unload Me

End Sub

Explanation: this code line closes the Userform when you click on the Cancel button.

Test the Userform

Exit the Visual Basic Editor, enter the labels shown below into row 1 and test the Userform.

Result:

Test the Userform

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