Date & Time Functions


Year, Month, Day | Date Function | Current Date & Time | Hour, Minute, Second | Time Function

To enter a date in Excel, use the "/" or "-" characters. To enter a time, use the ":" (colon). You can also enter a date and a time in one cell.

Date and Time in Excel

Note: Dates are in US Format. Months first, Days second. This type of format depends on your windows regional settings. Learn more about Date and Time formats.

Year, Month, Day

To get the year of a date, use the YEAR function.

Year Function

Note: use the MONTH and DAY function to get the month and day of a date.

Date Function

1. To add a number of days to a date, use the following simple formula.

Add Days

2. To add a number of years, months and/or days, use the DATE function.

Add Years, Months and Days

Note: the DATE function accepts three arguments: year, month and day. Excel knows that 6 + 2 = 8 = August has 31 days and rolls over to the next month (23 August + 9 days = 1 September).

Current Date & Time

To get the current date and time, use the NOW function.

Now Function

Note: use the TODAY function to get the current date only. Use NOW()-TODAY() to get the current time only (and apply a Time format).

Hour, Minute, Second

To return the hour, use the HOUR function.

Hour Function

Note: use the MINUTE and SECOND function to return the minute and second.

Time Function

To add a number of hours, minutes and/or seconds, use the TIME function.

Add Hours, Minutes and Seconds

Note: Excel adds 2 hours, 10 + 1 = 11 minutes and 70 - 60 = 10 seconds.